Mixed Verbs in German

What are the Weak Irregulars in German ?

In German, weak verbs follow a very particular pattern of conjugation. In addition to strong – or irregular – verbs, there is a third category of verbs: irregular weak verbs.

You can form the past tenses by inserting a “-t” before the endings but they are NOT regular. These Weak Irregulars (or Mixed verbs) do have the vowel in the Imperfect and Past Participle different from that in the Infinitive, ex:

  • denken (to think) : dachte, gedacht
  • nennen (to name) : nannte, genannt
  • bringen (to bring) : brachte, gebracht

Exceptions among the Mixed verbs

Please note that there are two exceptions:

Senden (to send) and Wenden (to turn) have two different forms when conjugated in the past tenses, for example:

  • wenden, wendete, gewendet OR wenden, wandte, gewandt
  • senden, sendete, gesendet OR senden, sandte, gesandt

List of mixed German verbs

There are 9 irregular weak verbs in German:

InfinitiveImperfectPast Participle IITraduction
brennenbranntegebranntto burn
bringenbrachtegebrachtto bring
denkendachtegedachtto think
kennenkanntegekanntto know
nennennanntegenanntto name
rennenranntegerannt (+ sein)to tun
sendensandte, sendetegesandt, gesendetto send
wendenwandte, wendetegewandt, gewendetto turn
wissenwusstegewusstto know

Be careful, wissen is irregular in the present tense.

Weak Irregulars in the present subjunctive II

Be careful, in Konjunktiv Präsens II some of these verbs are irregular: brennen, kennen, nennen et rennen come to brennte, kennte, nennte, rennte