As in most Indo-European languages, there are irregular verbs in German. They are irregular because they do not conjugate following an established and easy-to-remember pattern. For the German language these irregular verbs are called strong verbs.
In German, there are three categories of verbs which are defined according to their conjugation pattern: weak verbs, mixed verbs and strong verbs.
The special feature of strong verbs in German is the alternation of the vowel of the verb stem. The vowel of the stem of strong verbs changes according to the time of conjugation: in the present tense, the perfect tense and the preterite tense.
A good knowledge of strong German verbs is absolutely essential to progress for several reasons:
To help you remember strong verbs in German, we have created a list of the main strong verbs with a smart search field. This search field allows you to find a verb or its translation very easily by writing only a few letters:
In addition, it is important to practice regularly during the learning phase. This is why we have set up an exercise which randomly generates 10 new strong verbs to learn. You must then fill in the gaps. We advise learners to do this exercise once a day for a month when learning strong verbs. This allows you to memorize the famous strong verbs very quickly and over the long term.
Learning strong verbs in German can be difficult. The first method is to learn the verbs by heart and stupidly. This method can work but is not very effective in the long run. In order to really learn irregular verbs, we advise you to follow the following tips: